Researchers in Hong Kong wrote that park furniture is "a type of artifact to support outdoor public recreational activities and green environment where users may act fairly as stated by British Standards Institute (2005)"; this means that the furniture should be inclusive – "accessible to, and usable by, as many people as reasonably possible ... without the need for special adaptation or specialised design".
Around 1840, Janes, Beebe & Co. produced one of the earliest products of mass-produced cast-iron seating in America, an example of which is held by the Smithsonian Institution as inv. no. 1980.006. The seat is an example of furniture that appeared in public parks in the mid 19th century.
- Thamrin, Diana; Mulyono, Grace; Antoni (2018). "Usability Evaluation of Adaptable Urban Park Furniture Product with Cellular Light-weight Concrete as Material". IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering. 408 (1): 012033. Bibcode:2018MS&E..408a2033T. doi:10.1088/1757-899X/408/1/012033. ISSN 1757-899X. S2CID 117679795.
Many park furniture are made of conventional materials such as iron or wood that cannot tolerate the intense sunlight radiation, snow and heavy rainfall.
- Lee, YHB; Chan, LHD; Tang, MX (July 2013), Park seating furniture design in Hong Kong, Helen Hamlyn Centre for Design, Hong Kong Design Centre and the School of Design at the Hong Kong Polytechnic University, archived from the original on 2021-08-01, retrieved 2021-08-01
- Design management systems – Managing inclusive design – Guide, British Standards Institute, February 2005, ISBN 0580449025, archived from the original on 2021-08-01, retrieved 2021-08-01
- Linda Franz, "Inmates have own brand", The Carlisle Sentinel (November 15, 2005), p. 7.
- Reilly, Lucas (January 10, 2015). "11 products you might not realize were made by prisoners". The Week. Archived from the original on August 8, 2021. Retrieved August 8, 2021.